Tetanus can be referred to as a bacterial infection, which leads to painful muscle spasms and can even cause death. You may already have the knowledge that stepping on a puncture or rusty nail can lead to infection, leading to a bacterial disease that has a negative effect on your nervous system. The tetanus bacteria can also get into your body through bug bites, a small pinprick, splinters, an animal’s scratch and even burns that can make your skin to break. The best way to prevent such issues is to get a tetanus shot. This article gives instances when you should consider getting a tetanus shot.
When to Get a Tetanus Shot
Tetanus vaccination is highly recommended during childhood and the process starts during infancy. A tetanus immunization is even required prior to starting school in the United States. When you are vaccinated for the first time, you receive five shots that are spread out over a few months. In normal occasions, children start the immunization process at 2 months of age. The shots go on, as the child gets older until the age of five, when the shots are completed. After that first series, it is recommended that you get immunized every 10 years.
As an adult that did not receive the first series of tetanus shots, you should consider commencing a three-dose primary shots series. The first dose entails a three-in-one combination referred to as Tdap. This vaccine helps protect you from tetanus, pertussis, and diphtheria. The remaining two doses are dual and they help prevent against diphtheria and tetanus. These immunizations are conducted over a period of seven to twelve months.
How to Determine You Need a Tetanus Shot
To make the decision whether to get a tetanus shot, the first thing you have to do is evaluate the object that caused the wound. See whether it is clean or dirty because a clean object will most likely not have rust, dirt, or spit on it while a dirty one is likely to be exposed to these elements. Therefore, a dirty object will most likely cause tetanus, making it paramount to get the shot as soon as possible.
Nevertheless, you might still need to get a tetanus shot even when the object is clean but your last tetanus vaccination was over ten years ago. On the other hand, if the object was dirty, you will have to get the shot, especially if the last immunization you had was longer than three years ago.
Does a Tetanus Shot Have Any Side Effects?
Just like any other type of medication, a tetanus vaccine has the possibility of side effects. However, most people that get a tetanus shot do not experience any symptoms. The most common side effect of a tetanus shot is pain at the injection site. This is experienced by about 80% of all individuals that get the shot, or any other injection. The pain happens because of your body having a mild reaction to the injection. At most times, the pain disappears in a few hours.
On rare occasions, some people may experience intense reactions such as redness or swelling around the injection site, mild fever, tiredness or fatigue, and sore joints and chills.
Can Everybody Get a Tetanus Shot?
Although the tetanus vaccine is recommended for everyone. It is not everybody that should get immunized. If you have ever experienced severe allergic reactions to a tetanus vaccine, you should avoid getting the shot again. Other people that have experienced seizures or a coma should never get the shot in the future.
If you have ever had nervous system conditions, severe swelling or pain, or nerve cell issues after a tetanus vaccine, you should be wary. The reason behind this is that a tetanus shot can pose a health risk to any individual with these concerns. You should consider talking to your healthcare provider to get advice on the best way to prevent the disease without having to get the vaccine.
Tetanus is caused by bacterial infection, which after some time makes poison or toxin. This toxic compound formed can cause seizures and severe muscle spasms. The condition is also referred to as lockjaw, as the muscle spasms make it hard for you to open your mouth. This in turn makes it hard for you to breathe or swallow anything. Tetanus can be quite dangerous and can even lead to death. The only way to prevent such occurrences is to get a tetanus shot.