An EKG is a test that helps to examine the heart’s electrical activity. It is noninvasive and actually painless. It entails twelve leads that are attached to the chest or the limbs at times and a printout is produced which depicts the heart’s activity within a span of ten seconds. The test aids to tell a lot regarding the general condition and health of your heart. This article gives more insights regarding what an EKG detects.
- Heart Enlargement
An EKG detects whether your heart could be abnormally large. This is a condition known as cardiomegaly. It manifests itself on an EKG as very huge waveforms, which can help your physician to reveal a condition that could be serious and in need of immediate attention. Heart enlargement may be caused by untreated hypertension, ageing or even serious infections of the cardiac muscle.
- Detection of Whether the Heart is Getting Ample Oxygen
The heart needs enough oxygen to ensure that it is functioning well. Doing this can help to avoid ischemia, a condition that emanates from coronary constrictions and it can be fatal even finally resulting to demise if it prolongs for an extended period. An EKG will therefore quickly detect whether your heart is getting enough oxygen and if it is not, this is quickly remedied to avoid any calamitous consequences.
- Heart Inflammation
An EKG helps to detect any possible myocarditis or pericarditis. Myocarditis is a condition involving the inflammation of the heart muscle namely myocardium. It causes abnormal heart rhythm as it affects the heart’s electrical system. It also significantly reduces the hearts ability to pump blood. Pericarditis on the other hand refers to the inflammation of the pericardium and it often results to chest pain. An EKG can readily detect these conditions and they necessitate immediate medical attention after diagnosis.
- Abnormal Heart Rhythm
This is simply referred to as arrhythmia. It entails very slow, rapid or even irregular heartbeats. An EKG detects when the heart is pumping in an unsteady rhythm. This is because of a dysfunction pertaining to the electrical signals being transmitted from one part of the heart to another.
- Detection of Any History of Previous Heart Attacks
Sometimes symptoms of heart attacks are so minute and hence they are easily ignored. This is because they are very mild and patients do not realize that there is anything wrong with their heart. The symptoms manifest themselves on an EKG as very absurd abnormalities due to ischemia resulting from blockage in the coronary arteries.
An EKG reveals any heart condition that might result to stroke. It aids to monitor atrial fibrillation. This serious condition results to the formation of blood clots hence ultimately culminating into a stroke.
- Electrolyte Abnormalities
The EKG tries to detect whether there are any major abnormalities such as high or low calcium or even high potassium. It simply involves identifying major imbalances in these blood chemicals, which are responsible for the control of the hearts activity.
- Coronary Occlusion
This occurs when there is damage to the heart such as when the heart arteries are blocked. An EKG is thus important, as it can help to reduce the effects of this fatal condition.
- Abnormal Heart Positioning
Abnormal heart positioning occurs if the heart is incorrectly placed. An EKG can also detect this and it is important to treat it promptly after detection.
- Cardiac Arrest
This is detected especially when one is in the emergency room or incase one is being closely monitored in the intensive care unit.
As explained in this article, an EKG is very crucial. It can help to detect hidden problems such as stroke, heart enlargement, abnormal heart rhythm, cardiac arrest, and electrolyte abnormalities. These conditions are addressed in different ways such as medication, exercise, surgery, quitting smoking and other accompanying dietary alterations. EKG is painless hence, a safe test as no electricity is put into your body while it is being conducted. Therefore, you should not fear or have any reservations, as the only discomfort present is when the electrodes are being detached from your skin. It is carried out in very controlled conditions hence further affirming how monitored you will be in case you feel unwell or reveal any bad symptoms.
Most heart problems never show any symptoms. It is therefore vital to record an EKG and monitor your heart continuously. In this modern and contemporary world, this is easier due to the advancement of technology as it can be attained using smart phones, tablets or other technological devices.