Although common cold is majorly caused by viruses, these viruses usually multiply more rapidly during chilly conditions. Severe flu can interfere with your daily mood as it is accompanied by pains, headaches, fever, and nausea that can last for up to two weeks. This also depends on the steps taken to minimize the flu.
There are also higher chances that you will transmit the flu to other people around you during this time. Since you wouldn’t want to spend this winter nagging a cough, fever or battling a runny nose, it is important to prevent yourself from catching a cold. This article looks into the top 5 ways you can prevent yourself from getting a cold in winter.
1. Avoid Close Contact with People who have Flu
A common cold is contagious which means that it can be transferred from one person to another through close contact. The virus is also airborne and is usually contacted when the sick person sneezes or coughs close to you. Most often you will find someone with flu using their bare hands or a light tissue to contain their cold. However, not all remember to wash their hands afterward thus it often spreads through shaking hands. Sensible distancing from sneezes or coughs will help you prevent catching a cold during winter.
2. Wash Your Hands Clean
Washing your hands using soap and water or disinfectants helps get rid of the virus from your skin. It is usually recommended after shaking hands with a sick person as you can never be fully certain whether you have contacted the virus or not. Start by scrubbing the backs of your hands, under your nails and between your fingers. You can either use hot or cold water when washing your hands since the germs are physically removed by the act of scrubbing.
3. Keep Your Surroundings Clean
Although it may sound absurd to go around the house cleaning everything you can touch, the hard work really pays off. If one of your family members had the flu, and probably came in the house and left before you were back, there are higher chances of contracting the flu from various surfaces.
To be safe, keep your surroundings clean by sanitizing your light switches, doorknobs and other areas that are commonly accessed in the house. Dispose of all the used tissues as they contain the virus that causes common cold or flu. It is very easy to contact the germs or virus causing the flu when you are exposed to compromised surfaces.
4. Eat a Healthy Diet
The best way to boost your immunity against flu and colds is by eating a healthy diet. A healthy diet comprised of minerals and vitamins including many vegetables and fruits. To keep your immunity high, your diet should have plenty of omega-3 fatty acids. This helps prevent the low-level inflammation that negatively impacts your internal organs where you can’t see or feel. The body releases cortisol, a stress hormone caused by increased inflammation. As a result, it inhibits the immune system and thus the virus causing the colds can easily attack the cells, replicate and spread all over the body.
5. Keep Active
Endorphins are often released during physical activity and exercise giving you a sense of well-being. The stress hormone cortisol can be regulated through cardiovascular exercises. This makes you less prone to stressors that increase your vulnerability and risk of illness during winter. When traveling, stick to at least one hour or less when performing a cardiovascular exercise.
Avoid excessive exercise as it suppresses your immune system over time because it becomes physical distress. Moderate exercises enhance your immune function which makes you less vulnerable to the common cold or flu. In addition, regular workouts increase the blood circulation, which means that all parts of your body are receiving the immune cells that keep the flu and cold viruses at bay.
It is always important to practice good health habits during the winter to avoid getting sick. Common cold can be so disastrous especially when you are all living under the same roof. This means you will be sharing various items in the house making it impossible to avoid close contact. All surfaces need to be kept clean to ensure everyone is safe from being infected with the virus. Not only do these practices help you prevent a common cold but also protect you from bacterial infections and other diseases. Practicing good hygiene goes a long way to ensure everyone remains in good health.