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What Are the Different Types of Asthma?

There is no clear way to classify asthma into different types. The types of asthma known are because of different reactions to distinct individuals. A person is said to have had an asthma attack when they are exposed to allergens or conditions that can trigger asthma. In response to the asthma triggers, the airways get inflamed and surrounding muscles tighten and release unusually more mucus that makes it difficult to breathe. Research shows that all types of asthma follow the same general rule, in that they all affect the airways. This article looks at the different types of asthma.

Childhood Asthma

Childhood asthma develops in children. It may sometimes disappear as one gets older and the symptoms heal completely. Sometimes the symptoms may heal, only to return in the later years when the individual is an adult. At times, childhood asthma may develop in childhood stages and the symptoms fail to heal, and as a result, it is carried forward into adulthood.

Adult-Onset Asthma

Adult-onset asthma manifests itself in the later stages of someone’s life, usually in adulthood. This type of asthma is caused by the conditions in which a person is living or working under. In fact, research links 15% of adult onset asthma to conditions such as exposure to chemicals during farming and painting, and severe humid conditions. People who smoke are also said to be more at risk of this type of asthma than those who do not.

Other studies link hormonal changes in women to adult onset asthma, a major reason why women develop asthma symptoms compared to their male counterparts. The cure to this condition is simple, as you only need to avoid the areas where the triggers are coming from or get medication from your doctor.

Seasonal Asthma

With this type of asthma, a person develops asthmatic symptoms when the conditions come in seasons. Some asthmatic triggers like pollen are seasonal. Therefore, an allergic individual will have asthmatic symptoms when the presence of pollen returns, according to the season. Another example of seasonal asthma is if a person is allergic to mold and it has been dormant due to a lack of thriving conditions. This individual will develop asthmatic symptoms when the mold thriving conditions return.

Occupational Asthma

Some people work in areas that are likely to make them develop asthma. Such areas include farms, green houses, industries that manufacture chemicals and paints, or a bakery. The symptoms worsen when at work, and subside after work.

Allergic Asthma

This is the most common type of asthma. It mainly occurs when an allergic person is exposed to allergens. In response to the allergens, the body reacts by setting off an immune reaction that causes the airways to swell and produce unusually more mucus, resulting to difficulty in breathing.

Non-Allergic Asthma

This type of asthma occurs when people who are not allergic are exposed to conditions that can trigger asthmatic symptoms. It is closely related to allergic asthma only that, the person reacting to the allergens was not previously allergic to such conditions. The immune system’s reaction to non-allergic asthma is similar to that of the allergic asthma; affecting the airways, causing swelling and excessive production of mucus that inhibits breathing.

Exercise-Induced Asthma

This happens when difficulty in breathing occurs due to physical exercise done in rather cold or dry weather conditions. The symptoms begin shortly after someone starts the exercise and extend few minutes after finishing the exercise. This mainly happens to people who are allergic to such weather conditions. However, this does not mean that people who are not allergic cannot develop asthmatic symptoms. Some of the main symptoms are coughing and wheezing. To reduce the effects of this type of asthma, it is advisable that you get an inhaler from your doctor, to use just before the exercise.

Asthma comes in many forms such as childhood, adulthood, seasonal, occupational, allergic, or non-allergic asthma. The types of asthma experienced depend on the potential risk factor. If you suspect you have some of the aforementioned asthmatic symptoms or types, or if you learn from your health history, that there is asthma in your family, it is possible that you will develop asthma or have it already. It is therefore advisable that you visit your doctor for a better insight into the type of asthma you are suffering from and the most appropriate type of medication to counter the effects. It is also advisable that you keep off any environment, conditions or things that can trigger asthmatic attacks.

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