The primary role of your body’s immune system is to protect you from any viruses and bacterial infection. When you breathe in cold air, it causes inflammation in your lungs and narrows your respiratory airways. Your body uses natural defense mechanisms such as coughing, sneezing, and wheezing to decongest your respiratory system. People who are asthmatic or allergic need to be knowledgeable about exposure to allergens and cold air and their effects in the body. Although there is no cure for asthma, there are steps you can take to keep it in control or prevent the condition from worsening. In this article, we will be looking at five seasonal asthma symptoms and the steps you can take to reduce their severity.
1. Shortness of Breath
One of the common signs of asthma is shortness of breath caused by congestion in the airways. As you breathe in allergens, they accumulate in your respiratory system causing the airways to become narrow. This condition worsens when you breathe in cold air because it is dry. This causes the airways to swell and fill with mucus, which is a sign of inflammation. The surrounding muscles tighten up causing difficulties in breathing. Shortness of breath can be chronic if it continues for more than one month.
2. Chest Pain or Tightness
Chest pain is another seasonal symptom of asthma, which happens shortly before an asthma attack. Some people can also experience it during the attack and may show signs of pain by touching the left side of their chest. This type of discomfort may feel like a sharp stabbing pain or a dull ache. The cold air causes inflammation that narrows your airways. This causes pressure and congestion, which translates into intense pain. A chest pain that happens after an asthma attack can also be caused by deep breathing, coughing, and other symptoms you experienced earlier.
3. Runny or Stuffy Nose
Nasal congestion is caused by allergens that have been trapped in the nasal membrane. Healthcare professionals need to be extra vigilant about nasal complaints, as it can be a sign of severe asthma. A runny or stuffy nose can also be due to seasonal changes. Extreme cold increases the level of mucus production that becomes thicker or stickier than usual. Effective treatment can help reduce sinuses and troublesome nasal complaints that could cause more severe asthma.
4. Coughing or Wheezing
Outbursts can sometimes be embarrassing since you affect the silence or the mood of the people around you. A chronic cough can appear after a cold and may cause tickling in the throat. A persistent cough can be worsened by cold weather and is often accompanied by a wheezing sound. This is evident when it tends to get worse early in the morning or late at night. Uncontrollable coughs can lead to trouble sleeping at night or when performing aerobic exercises since the body strives to ease the congestion in your throat.
Deprivation of oxygen caused by difficulties in breathing can lead to fatigue or extreme tiredness. Low oxygen levels compromise your immune system since your body organs do not receive enough oxygen. It is usually accompanied by other common symptoms of asthma such as difficulties in breathing.
What you can do to reduce the severity of asthma symptoms
Symptoms such as coughing or wheezing can be prevented by avoiding certain triggers like mold or pollen. It is always important to mind your triggers whether it is strong fumes, air pollution, or smoke. Knowing your triggers can help minimize the level of exposure since you will take the necessary steps to prevent an asthma attack.
It is also advisable to keep warm if you are living in a cold area. Other types of asthma are induced by cold weather, which accelerates certain symptoms such as wheezing and coughing. It is important to talk to your doctor regularly about any signs of asthma as they may prescribe certain medications based on the level of severity.
It is important to take responsibility for your own health to prevent chronic illnesses and other long-term conditions. Preventing asthma attacks is a large part of keeping your health under control. Avoiding known triggers such as allergens, pollen, and extreme weather changes minimizes the chances of asthma attacks. If your asthma is induced by seasonal changes, it is important to schedule regular appointments with your doctor to adjust your treatment plan. Lastly, always remember to carry your inhaler wherever you go as it opens up your airways when you start experiencing asthma symptoms.
Family First Urgent Care provides many treatments to help with your asthma. To understand more about the symptoms of seasonal asthma and the medical services offered by Family First Urgent Care, click here.